In 1996, The FCC affirmed the rights of homeowners to place antennas on property they own or control. See a nice overview article at http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/products/story/2012-04-29/pegoraro-rooftop-antenna/54582432/1
the FCC ruling at http://www.fcc.gov/guides/over-air-reception-devices-rule
Apartments & Condos
Apartment and condo association covenants can not prevent you from installing antennas in areas where you do not have “care and control.” i.e. You can install an antenna in your balcony where you have “care and control.” Ask the apartment / condo manager.